When a stomach that is too bloated, people will associate with the consumption of too much food. And vice versa. No mistake when linking belly with diet, stomach (from the section below chest and above the hip) does have a primary function as a place of digestion and absorption of food.
Inside there are digestive organs such as stomach, stomach, duodenum, small intestine, appendix, large intestine, which is up to the main part of the human digestive system. Here also the liver, kidney, pancreas, and spleen, supporting the digestive process.
When consuming food, the digestive organs and organ supporting food to break down into substances that are needed as well as the cell body. However, the amount of intake of these substances can happen difference, whether caused by the amount of food that is too much and the process of digesting a less than optimal.
After eating foods containing sugar or carbohydrates, dihasilakn sugar in the blood. Necessarily organ pancreas to release insulin enzyme into energy required to disassemble the cell. When disassembling the blood sugar less than optimal, suppose that due to the reduced effectiveness of insulin by an enzyme in blood fats or sugars intake too much, then the residual sugar will be stored as fat in the body (visceral fat).
He distributed the abdominal cavity, between the internal organs and chest cavity. Direct effects of excess fat in the body, causing people suffer from central obesity. In women, female sex hormone (estrogen) helps the distribution of fat into the buttocks, thighs and hips, thus reducing the risk of central obesity in the productive age. Who’s in men, more fat distributed in the stomach because of different sex hormones.
When a woman enters menopause, the fat from the buttocks, thighs, and hips will move to the waist in other words more easy-going central obesity.
Unfortunately, not only looks bad when a person has central obesity.
“Obesity is also central to the cause of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disorders,” said Dr. Ralph Girson, SpPD, Progress of the Royal Hospital, Jakarta.
Risk of Stomach Buncit
Belly bulge is not only an impact on the aesthetics of physical appearance, but also carry health risks are not trivial. Overall, it can be said accretion abdominal circumference or central obesity patients is associated with disease risk and ultimately reduce life expectancy. There is a reduction of life expectancy in patients with obesity, about seven years, even in smokers and obesity decreased life expectancy around 13 years.
However, the risk of any disease that lies behind the stomach that bulge?
Increased abdominal circumference, automatic increase in body fat tissue. This can cause ganggan insulin (insulin resistance). Obesity is leading to high free fatty acid in the blood stimulates the release of cytokines that can lower insulin sensitivity.
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Conditions of insulin resistance that continues with a diet high in calories, making the body try to compensate by producing extra insulin. The goal is to balance the intake (intake) calorie and stabilize blood sugar. Unfortunately, this ability is highly dependent B-cells in the pancreas. If the adaptability of cells that regulates insulin production increase is reduced, then a glucose tolerance when the body fails to be a disorder of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Conditions of low insulin sensitivity and also caused abnormalities in the metabolism of the body, such as dyslipidemia, hypertension, atherosclerosis, and formation of pro-coagulant (blood coagulation accelerator). These are risk factors causing coronary heart disease.