Cancer is generally a disease that is preventable. Two-thirds of cancer deaths estimated by the use of tobacco, poor diet, obesity, and lack of physical exercise. All these factors can be modified. However, awareness of the possibility of preventing cancer through lifestyle changes is still not widely recognized.
Diet is a fertile field for the attention of individuals and social intervention to reduce the possible risk of certain cancers. Various studies menyadiakan lot of information, which is sometimes related to detrimental and protective contradictions of various foods. There is strong evidence that excess body fat increase the risk of some cancers. Most nutrition information related to cancer warning about high-fat diet, the real cause is excess calories. Research shows a connection, though small, between body fat and fat in the diet composition. This study shows that excessive consumption of calories from fat and carbohydrates causes the same result with excess body fat. The most ideal way to avoid excessive fat and calorie intake is to limit or balance caloric intake with enough practice.
Remains important to limit consumption of calories, because the evidence still supports a relationship between cancer and polyunsaturated fat, saturated, and animal fats. Research shows that consumption of red meat and dairy products are high can increase the risk of several types of specific cancers. One strategy for positive dietary change is to replace red meat with chicken, fish, beans, and peas.
Consumption of fruits and vegetables that are high have been associated with decreased risk of cancer, at least 10 types of cancer. This is probably a protective factor, such as carotenoids, folic acid, vitamin C, flavonoids, phytoestrogens and isothiocyanates. These materials are usually referred to as antioxidants.
There is strong evidence that moderate to high alcohol consumption also increase the risk of some cancers. A reason for this may be because alcohol interfere with folic acid availability. Bil alcohol combined with tobacco increases the likelihood of occurrence of some specific cancers.
Physical exercise or sports which lowered the probability of high some cancers. According to researchers at Harvard University, United States, if the entire population increased their level of physical exercise by walking fast for 30 minutes every day 9atau efflux same energy with other activities), will get a reduction in colon cancer by 15%.
Women who have high levels of physical exercise during his life has the possibility of developing breast cancer were lower than those who were not active. Shanghai Breast Cancer Study to evaluate the level of activity on 1.459 women with breast cancer and 1.556 in control group women – two groups of similar age. Women who exercise during adolescence and adult breast cancer risk decreased most significantly.
Generally, this cancer that has attacked women entering menopause. Even so, it means that women who are in reproductive phase can not be affected by this disease. Major risks faced by women who do not maintain the cleanliness of the vagina and also women who often have sexual relations change – change partner.
* Early menopause
* Smoking habits
* Female patients with cervical cancer
* Women who have sexual relations with different pairs
* First sexual relations during their teens (adolescents)
* Infection with HPV (Human papilloma virus), a type of virus that is spread through sexual contact, and causes cervical cancer and genital warts
* Secretion of watery fluid from vagina
* Lump in vagina
* If the cancer is large can affect the function of the bladder and rectum so that the patients experienced pain when urinating.
* Vaginal bleeding caused by damage to the vaginal lining and forms an open wound
How to Avoid
Maintain cleanliness of the vagina *
Wash the outside of the vagina with clean warm water. Avoid using any products such as cleaning fluid vagina (douching) or powder. Remember, it will make the pH of vaginal douching become unbalanced and off the commensal bacteria (bacteria that live in the vagina) which is a “keeper” of the vagina.
* Vaginal health checks
Every woman is recommended to do a routine inspection to avoid the development of cancer cells. Due to the development of this disease runs in stages and takes many years, so if it is not detected from the beginning of this virus can continue to grow without being able to resist anymore.
Treatment and treatment of vaginal cancer depends on the severity. Wide local excision can be performed (removal of the cancer and some surrounding tissue and then performed skin grafting), Vaginektomi (removal of vagina), Eksenterasi (removal of cervix, uterus, vagina and bladder), the provision of cancer drugs (chemotherapy), radiation (radiotherapy) .
The type of treatment will be determined by medical experts, known sooner, the more likely it can be treated and even cured.
Endometiosis is a disorder in which tissue from the mucous membrane of the uterus (endometrial cells) is found in skin organ aKanker there are several types of injuries ranging from malignant to a very slow spread to other parts of the body.
* Width of whitish spots on the affected areas.
* Skin ulceration on the old wounds.
* Changes from real mole.
* Prominent lesions on the skin surface.
* Exposure to certain chemicals.
* Exposure to excessive sunlight.
* Wounds and scratches.
* Decrease in body resistance.
* Viral infections.
* Mengganas if not incurable and contagious goto the other body.
WHAT YOU CAN DO
* Consult your doctor if suspected skin cancer.
* Determine a diagnosis.
* Perform skin biopsy on the affected areas.
* Conduct appropriate treatment.
* Conducting operations, when necessary.
* Avoid too much direct sun at midday.
tau tissue outside the uterus. These cells remain active, such as the endometrium in the uterus. Places endometriosisa can vary, there are seeping into the uterine muscle, could also into the pelvic cavity, lungs, eyes, even to the brain.
In each menstrual cycle, the lining of the uterine lining (endometrium) grow and thicken in a state ready to receive the egg is released by the ovaries (ovaries). If the released ovum is not fertilized by sperm, the womb lining will be shed at the end of the cycle. Separation of the uterine wall is called the menstrual events.
Endometriosis has a structure similar to the endometrial tissue in the uterus. Endomestriosis also will respond to hormonal changes that occur in the menstrual cycle. That is, the network will also be thickened. Entire endometrium and escape from the womb and out into menstrual blood. While endometriosis is not a way out, so the network increases in each cycle so that the pain will be felt more severely.
Some of the causes of endometriosis include menstrual blood backflow (regurgitation), hormonal, and genetic. Tues endometrium and endometriosis to grow and shrink under the influence of the hormone estrogen. High estrogen production will increase the activity of endometrial cells. Genetically, endometriosis can also be lowered. In addition, endomestriosis many found in women with decreased immunity.
Dr. Literature-wikarta Deradjat Mucharam, Obstetrics-Gynecology Specialists, from RSIA Budhi Jaya and Clinics SamMarie-Wijaya, explained that endometriosis can cause not only failure to get pregnant but also increase the frequency of a spontaneous miscarriage reach 40-60%. These numbers were significantly decreased after treatment of endometriosis is medically as well as surgikal.
There are several symptoms of endometriosis that can be felt, but sometimes a woman can not find symptoms at all. Generally endometriosis cause pain in the lower abdomen and pelvic region, irregular menstruation, kemanduIan, and dyspareunia (pain during sexual intercourse).
Endometrial tissue attached to the bowel or bladder can cause abdominal swelling, pain when defecating, bleeding through the rectum during menstruation or lower abdomen pain when urinating. Endometrial tissue attached to the ovary or the structure surrounding the ovary can form a blood-filled mass (endometrioma). Endometioma sometimes rupture, causing sharp abdominal pain that arises suddenly that could be felt, but sometimes a woman can not find symptoms at all. Generally endometriosis cause pain in the lower abdomen and pelvic region, irregular menstruation, kemanduIan, and dyspareunia (pain during sexual intercourse).
Endometrial tissue attached to the bowel or bladder can cause abdominal swelling, pain when defecating, bleeding through the rectum during menstruation or lower abdomen pain when urinating. Endometrial tissue attached to the ovary or the structure surrounding the ovary can form a blood-filled mass (endometrioma). Endometioma sometimes rupture, causing sharp abdominal pain that may arise in fibafiba.
Endometriosis treatment is done by several ways, including provision of medicines, surgery and a combination of both. The goal of therapy is to reduce the pain of endometriosis, irregular menstruation and repair does not improve fertility.
Given that early treatment is expected that there are now fears about the difficulty of obtaining offspring, even sterility can be reduced even disappear altogether. According Deradjat, endometriosis increases the risk of early miscarriage around 40%. After treatment with surgery or drugs, miscarriage rate was decreased to control values (approximately 15%).
On the possibility of severe endometriosis should be removed surgically. Endometriosis is appointed with laparoscopic procedures. But surgery is only a temporary measure because of endometrosis is often repeated.
If abdominal or pelvic pain can not be eliminated by drugs and the patient has no plan to become pregnant again, the appointment of the ovary (ovarektomi) and hysterectomy (hiaterektomi) might be done. After surgery, given estrogen replacement therapy. When endometrial tissue is still a lot left over, then the new therapy is 4-6 months after surgery.
The cause of prostate cancer is unknown, although several studies have shown a relationship between high-fat diet with elevated levels of testosterone. We testosteron.diturunkan levels either by surgery by elevating the testes (kastrasi, orkiektomi) or with drugs that can inhibit cancer development. No known relationship between prostate cancer with benign prostate enlargement.
Prostate cancer is cancer that was ranked third as a cause of death in men and generally occurs in men over the age of 75 years. Prostate cancer is rarely found in men aged under 40 years old.
High-risk men over the age of 60 years, farmers, workers in tire companies, painters and men who are frequently exposed to cadmium. The incidence of prostate cancer rarely occurs in Japanese men and vegetarians.
Prostate cancers are classified or are classified according to the aggressive nature and the difference with the surrounding prostate tissue. There are many different ways to classify cancer, one of the most frequently used way is by ABCD classification system (also known as the Whitmore-Jewett system).
* A: The tumor tissue was not palpable. Usually known by accident after prostate surgery performed because of other reasons.
* B: tumor confined to the prostate and is usually detected by physical examination or laboratory examinations of PSA.
* C: tumor tissue has expanded to the prostate capsule but has not spread to the lymph nodes.
* D: cancer has spread (metastasized) to nearby lymph nodes (regional) or to other parts of the body (bone and lungs).
There is no way to prevent it. Changing lifestyles by adopting the vegetarian foods eaten, such as low-fat diet or a traditional Japanese diet may lower the risk. Early identification that may prevent prostate cancer is with annual periodic checks on the men over the age of 40 or 50 years with digital rectal examination and laboratory examination of blood PSA (Prostate specific antigen).
There are several problems that are still debated in connection with the examination of PSA. There are several things that potentially cause problems in making conclusions from the results of PSA. First, the increase in PSA does not always mean that patients have prostate cancer. Both are doctors detect and treat early-stage prostate cancer who had never hurt a patient. Decisions based on the results of PSA should be discussed again between doctors and patients. Every month September is Prostate Cancer Care Month. Some urology centers in the United States provides a free service of digital rectal examination and PSA blood laboratory. Contact the hospital or health center in your city to obtain more information about Prostate Cancer Care.
By examination of PSA, prostate cancer is easy to know quickly before causing symptoms. However, prostate cancer symptoms as below was similar to other non-cancerous conditions.
* Urine disjointed
* Water dripping urine, especially after urinating
* Not able to pee
* Pain when urinating
* Pain during ejaculation
* Painful spine
* Pain during defecation
Additional symptoms are often associated with prostate cancer are:
* Many urinate at night
* Urinary incontinence
* Bone pain
* Haematuria (blood in urine)
* Abdominal pain
* Weight loss
Signs and Inspection
Digital rectal made to feel the prostate. Palpable mass of enlarged prostate, hard and uneven surface.
Examinations are recommended:
* PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) are likely to increase, although other conditions such as benign prostate enlargement can cause an increase in PSA. PSA levels are determined by blood tests.
* More specific levels of free PSA to distinguish benign prostate enlargement of prostate cancer.
* Urinalysis to determine the presence of blood in the urine.
* Urine or prostatic fluid cytology to see the existence of atypical cells.
* A biopsy to diagnose prostate.
* Inspection sken CT to assess the spread of child cancer spread.
* Sken bone to eliminate the spread of child cancer spread.
* Inspection chest x-ray images to eliminate the spread of child cancer spread.
The latest examination is more sensitive for determining the existence of prostate cancer compared to AMACR and PSA examination is estimated to have expanded its use to diagnose.
Appropriate treatment of prostate cancer remains controversial. Treatment options vary widely based on the stage of the cancer. Handling of early-stage prostate cancer is with surgery (prostatectomy) and light therapy to destroy cancer cells. The spread of prostate cancer treated with hormone manipulation (to reduce testosterone levels with drugs or the appointment of the testes) or chemotherapy.
Treatment with surgery is usually done only after evaluating and discussing treatment options that are available. A man who underwent surgery duharapkan should have realized the benefits of this surgical procedure as well as the risks are potentially going to happen.
Appointment of the prostate gland (radical prostatectomy) — often performed to treat prostate cancer stages A and B are still localized. Length of procedure, performed with general or spinal anesthesia. Made an incision in the abdomen or perineal area. Time nurse at the hospital five to seven days. Complications that may occur are impotence and incontinence of urine,
This form of disease selajur skin blisters that usually related to the weak and elderly.
* Lines blisters, usually on one side of the body
* Pain at all
* Infection nerve by varicella-zoster virus.
* Pain in the affected areas last up to several months or even several years after missing lupuhan
* Ramsay Hunt syndrome is when a virus attacked the facial nerve nucleus.
WHAT YOU CAN DO
* Check the doctor to confirm diagnosis
* Take painkillers
* Apply compresses of potassium permanganate in order to quickly dry the blisters.
+ Gives prescription painkillers
+ Provide a prescription cream / tablet anti-virus, if necessary.